Two local battlefields were among 20 historical sites to receive grant funding from the American Battlefield Protection Program last week.
The Fort Ann American Legion Post will get $80,000 to conduct an archaeological study to determine the borders of the Battle of Fort Anne. In July 1777, during the Saratoga Campaign of the Revolutionary War, a larger British army defeated a Continental force that was retreating from a loss days earlier at Fort Ticonderoga.
The funding will allow for an archaeological study and will help develop a preservation plan. The plan will include public input and present a history of the battle for visitors and researchers.
Determining the major features of the land where the battle was fought is crucial, because a developer has proposed mining land on Battle Hill.
“We are excited to be able to continue on with further research of this historic site,” said Post Commander Christine Milligan, who has led the effort to preserve the battlefield. “I am sure we will succeed in our goal of preserving this site and honoring those who made the ultimate sacrifice on that battlefield.”
In Lake George, the town will receive $50,000 to compile an inventory of sites and features associated with Fort George, the site of several battles of the French and Indian War and the Revolutionary War. The fort was the site of the Battle of Lake George in 1755, where a combined British and Colonial force defeated the French.
During the Revolutionary War, the Americans captured the site in 1775 only to have the British take it back in 1780.
Period maps and primary documentary sources, along with archaeological fieldwork and GIS technology, will assist in the final report. The project will develop recommendations for townwide signs about the battlefield and its associated sites.
Another site, just across the border in Vermont, received funding. The Vermont Department of Housing & Community Affairs will receive $24,000 to create a comprehensive geospatial map of the southern portion of Mount Independence, which represents one of the largest defenses built by the Americans during the Revolutionary War. The site is in Orwell, Vermont.
Completed in 1777, Mount Independence was a critical site in the naval defense of Lake Champlain. Three other New York battle sites also received funding.
The city of Plattsburgh will get $54,000 to evaluate the needs and assets of six key northern New York battle sites from the Revolutionary War (Valcour Bay) and War of 1812 (Crab Island, Plattsburgh Bay, Fort Brown, Fort Moreau, Fort Scott).
The Seneca Nation of Indians Tribal Historic Preservation Office will receive $46,000 to document the location and boundaries of the Battle of Bucktooth, believed to be the northernmost skirmish between American Gen. Daniel Brodhead and the Seneca Tribe during the western campaign of the Revolutionary War. The site is in Cattaraugus County, south of Buffalo.
Finally, the SUNY Buffalo Research Foundation will get $23,200 to conduct an archaeological survey to assess and preserve the site of the Battle of Scajaquada Bridge, fought in August 1814 during the War of 1812.
In all, the grants came to $1.198 million to assist in the preservation and will support a variety of projects at battle sites in 12 states. This year’s grants provide funding for projects at endangered battlefields from the Hawaiian civil wars, Indian wars, Revolutionary War, French and Indian War, World War II, War of 1812 and the Civil War.