ALBANY -- The budget New York Gov. David Paterson proposed Tuesday would cut 5 percent from school aid and add $1 billion in new taxes and fees, creating a plan that analysts mostly viewed as appropriate during hard times.
But the package Paterson said would end "the era of irresponsibility" in Albany could still be transformed in negotiations with the Legislature, which remains in deep conflict with the Democratic governor as he faces an uphill fight for election this year.
The $134 billion budget also addresses a $7.4 billion deficit. In addition to a $1.1 billion cut in school aid, Paterson wants $1 billion cut from health care spending, much of which goes to hospitals and nursing homes.
He also is proposing another reduction in spending on higher education that would cut $95 million from four-year colleges operated by the State University of New York and $47.7 million from the City University of New York.
He also would allow SUNY and CUNY to set their own regular tuition increase, which could vary by campus, without legislative approval. Supporters praise this as innovation that will allow colleges to keep more tuition revenue for education and use it more efficiently. Public and private college students would also see a $75 cut in their Tuition Assistance Program financial aid.
"The mistakes of the past - squandering surpluses, papering over deficits, relying on irresponsible fiscal gimmicks to finance unsustainable spending increases - have led us to a financial breaking point," Paterson said. "The era of irresponsibility has ended. ... We can no longer afford this spending addiction we have had for so long."
Paterson's budget, the second in a historic fiscal crisis, would increase state spending 0.6 of 1 percent, less than the inflation rate of about 2 percent. It further cuts agencies in the executive branch by $1 billion.
Some area legislators said Paterson understands the state's fiscal crisis and offered some good proposals relieving local government from state mandates.
"He's done some things that we've asked for a long time," said state Assemblywoman Teresa Sayward, R-Willsboro.
"I thought it was one of the better budget presentations I have ever been at and seen. It was very clear, certainly factual," said state Sen. Elizabeth Little, R-Queensbury.
But Assemblyman Tony Jordan, R-Jackson, said Paterson's proposal does not do enough to eliminate waste and streamline government.
The Legislature is expected to strongly oppose the largest cuts, in part because lawmakers believe that reducing health care spending will harm community hospital care, and school aid cuts are likely to prompt school boards to raise local property taxes and cut programs. School aid and hospital funding also are protected by the influence of Albany's richest and most powerful special interests over lawmakers, all of whom face election this year.
The Legislature traditionally adds 1 percent to 2 percent to the state budget, but few executive proposals have cut aid to levels proposed by Paterson. The current budget crafted early last year eventually included more than $4 billion in new continuing taxes and fees, the highest tax increase in state history. Paterson and lawmakers will try to agree on a budget by the April 1 start of the fiscal year.
"The good news is that all the figures are less than projected inflation," said E.J. McMahon, director of the Empire Center for New York State Policy, part of the fiscally conservative Manhattan Institute. "The bad news is, given the size of the projected budget gaps, he is still proposing too large a spending increase, especially considering what the Legislature is likely to do to it."
Paterson's budget address generally got a lukewarm response from lawmakers, 45 of whom didn't show.
Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver noted he wasn't briefed on the budget until midnight Monday night, although governors usually brief legislative leaders days before the address.
Also among Paterson's proposals is extending the income tax benefits of filing as a married couple to same-sex couples married in states where gay marriage is legal, increasing the cigarette tax by $1 more per pack, offsetting health care cuts with an excise tax on soft drinks, as well as extending the hours of the Quick Draw gambling game at bars.
Paterson also wants to allow wine sales in grocery stores to spur tax revenue, delay the next class of state troopers, cut $320 million in aid to cities statewide, trim hundreds of workers by attrition and close four correctional facilities upstate.
But it would provide flexibility and possibly cost savings for county jails, allowing inmates from 19 to 21 years old to be housed in the same areas as older inmates, Little said.
Paterson proposed extending the hours of video lottery terminal operations, such as the Saratoga Gaming & Raceway which is currently open 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. daily.
Saratoga Springs Public Safety Commissioner Richard Wirth said the proposal does not raise any concerns.
Staff writers Maury Thompson and Thomas Dimopoulos and the Associated Press contributed to this report.